Left, PASSPORT during training tracks the tissue interaction force and instrument motions. Right, impression of the PASSPORT V2’s internal structures
With the help of the valorisation grant phase 1 from STW a group of dedicated researchers from TU-Delft (MISIT lab), AMC and MediShield BV joined forces and gave birth to the PASSPORT V2. This arthroscopy trainer provides a realistic arthroscopic environment in which procedures can be trained. By using real arthroscopic equipment and realistic internal structures made from elastic materials with similair properties. During a simulated surgical procedure, the PASSPORT allows the use of fluid, a unique feature which causes the trainee to deal with water management (joint irrigation) in combination with proper instrument and tissue handling.
To give objective information about performance in terms of instrument and tissue handling during training, the PASSPORT is equipped with a force and motion tracking system. In 2009 MediShield developed a unique hinge mechanism that allows both flexion-extension and joint stressing in a natural manner to imitating the natural behaviour of the knee joint when stressing as in real surgery.
In 2013, the ForMoST software was integrated in PASSPORT and as an extra feature it became possible to mimic bleedings inside the knee joint. To keep costs to a minimum for the hospitals, the skin and all inner parts as ligaments and menisci can be replaced after damage due to training. It is expected that PASSPORT V2 is integrated in the AMC educational program for orthopaedic surgeons at the end of this year.